Sea transport is the largest carrier of freight in the world. In India, Nhava Sheva International Container terminal (Jawaharlal Nehru Port) in Navi Mumbai handles the highest traffic in the country. The Nhava Sheva International Container terminal in Navi Mumbai (Jawaharlal Nehru Port) is the busiest port in India, handling nearly 60 per cent of India’s port traffic. Nhava Sheva is India’s first privately managed container terminal. Developed at a total cost of $250 million, the terminal handled around 1.5 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent unit — containers are counted in 20-foot lengths) in 2007-08. Currently it is managed by DP world under a build-operate-transfer agreement set up with the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust.
The world’s largest container transshipment hub, Singapore, handles about one-fifth of the world’s total container shipment. In 2007, Singapore Terminals handled 27.1 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUS) of containers. The port of Singapore operates 4 container terminals and 2 multi-purpose terminals in Singapore, and links shippers to an excellent network of 200 shipping lines with connections to 600 ports in 123 countries.
Rotterdam is Europe’s largest logistic hub. The port is the gateway to a European market of 450 million consumers. More than 500 scheduled services link Rotterdam with over 1000 ports worldwide. The port has a depth of 24 meters (75 feet). The port and industrial area stretches over a length of 40 kilometers and covers 10,000 hectares. Rotterdam is also Europe’s cheapest bunker port. One of the main advantages of Rotterdam is its location on the estuary of the rivers Rhine and Maas. This helps to transport goods economically to other regions in Europe.
The Port of South Louisiana, which stretches 54 miles along the Mississippi River, is the largest tonnage port district in the western hemisphere. Over 4,000 vessels and 55,000 barges call at the Port of South Louisiana each year, making it the top ranked port in the US in terms of total tonnage.
The Port of Shanghai, located in the vicinity of Shanghai, comprises a deep-sea port and a river port. In 2006, with a total of 537 million tons of cargo transported, it became the world’s busiest port by cargo tonnage for the first time. The Port of Shanghai is situated at the middle of the 18,000km-long Chinese coastline and is an important gateway for foreign trade. The Port enjoys a good geographical location, modern infrastructure and facilities.
The port of Hong Kong, located by the South China Sea, is a deepwater seaport dominated containerized products’ trade. The natural shelter and deep waters of Victoria Harbor provide ideal conditions for berthing and handling all types of vessels. It is one of the busiest ports in the world, in terms of cargo handled and passengers carried.
The Port of Houston is a 25-mile-long complex near the Gulf of Mexico. It is the busiest port in the United States in terms of foreign tonnage, second-busiest in the United States in terms of overall tonnage.
The Port of Chiba is located centrally in Tokyo Bay. Its 133 km of coastline spanning six cities makes it the largest port in Japan. The Port of Chiba has seen one of the leading ports in Japan in terms of the cargo volume handled.
The Port of Nagoya is the largest trading port in Japan. It accounts for about 10% of the total trade value in Japan. It is also the largest exporter of cars in Japan. Toyota exports most of its cars through this port. A part of the port has been redeveloped as a leisure district. It offers an aquarium, shopping mall, amusement park, museums and green space
Ulsan, South Korea
Korea is located in the centre of the world’s trunk routes, including the North American route, the Southeast Asian route and the European route. The Port of Ulsan, located at the south-east corner of the Korean Peninsula is a natural port and a strategic trade centre.
Gwangyang, South Korea
The Korean government plans to promote Korea as the logistics hub of Northeast Asia. The total cargo traffic is expected to increase to 1.4 billion tones by the year 2011. Dongbu Kwangyang Container Terminal in Kwangyang Harbor offers lower usage charges and taxation benefits.