7 modern architectural wonders

May 23, 2008

Conde Nast Traveler, an American travel magazine, in its April issue highlighted seven mega architectural wonders stretching from China to Dubai to Canada.

New Museum of Contemporary Art (Manhattan, US)

New York Times described it as ‘viewing art in a stack of boxes’. As you climb out of the Prince Street subway station at Broadway in lower Manhattan, New York, a gleaming apparition grabs your attention. Designed by Japanese architects Kazuo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa of the firm SANAA, the $50 million, 60,000-square-foot-building is an eight-story stack of shiny, metallic boxes set off-kilter from one another. The museum contains several levels of galleries, which are designed as high-ceilinged, white-walled spaces, with concrete floors and narrow skylights illuminating one side.

Cumulus (Nordborg, Denmark)

An exhibit hall at Danfoss Universe, Nordborg, Denmark, and Cumulus is a spectacular building, which has an irregular roof, curves and angles, like a bite taken out of a cloud. The building openened on May 5, 2007. Designed by Jurgen H Mayer, the 1,000 sqm building hosts varying exhibitions throughout the year. The interior of the Cumulus building is kept in black and white, the only accents being the red cushions on the stairs and the exhibition props.

Kogod Courtyard (Washington DC, US)

The Kogod Courtyard, with its elegant glass canopy designed by world renowned architect Norman Foster, opened to the public on November 23, 2007 at the historic Patent Office Building that houses the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, DC. Foster, winner of the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize (1999), worked with the Smithsonian to create an innovative enclosure for the 28,000-square-foot (2,601-sq-meter) space at the centre of the building that is sensitive to the historic structure; the new ‘floating’ roof does not rest on the original building which was built in phases between 1836 and 1868.

Wembley Stadium (London, UK)

The new Wembley Stadium in London is an architectural masterpiece. It is the equivalent of 25,000 double-decker buses; the total length of the escalators is the same as a 400 meter running track; the stadium roof rises to 52 meters above the pitch; the new pitch is four meters lower than the previous one. Each of the two giant screens in the new stadium is the size of 600 domestic television sets. The soft drink dispensers can pour 30,000 cups in a little over 10 minutes Approximately 40,000 pints of beer can be served during half time in a football/rugby league match. The arch is 133 meters above the level of the external concourse. With a span of 315 meters, the arch is the longest single span roof structure in the world. With a diameter of 7.4 meters the arch is wide enough for a Channel Tunnel train to run through. The stadium will be a centerpiece of the 2012 Olympics.

Burj Dubai (UAE)

Burj Dubai is the world’s tallest building once completed. The final height of the building is a well kept secret because of ‘competition.’ But it is speculated that it will be around 2,275 feet and will exceed 160 floors. The tower is being constructed by a South Korean company, Samsung Engineering & Construction. This company also built the PETRONAS Twin Towers in Malaysia and the Taipei 101. The interior will be decorated by Giorgio Armani. An Armani Hotel will occupy the lower 37 floors. Floors 45 through 108 will have 700 private apartments. An outdoor swimming pool will be located on the 78th floor of the tower. Corporate offices and suites will fill most of the remaining floors, except for a 123rd floor lobby and 124th floor indoor/outdoor observation deck. It will also boast of the world’s fastest elevator.

The Crystal (Toronto, Canada)

The Crystal is the dramatic highlight of a $270 million renovation project intended to boost the Royal Ontario Museum’s role as a Toronto focal point. Designed by architect Daniel Libeskind, the Crystal comprises five interlocking, self-supporting prismatic structures that interface with, but are not attached to, the original historic Royal Ontario Museum buildings. The exterior is 25 per cent glass and 75 per cent extruded-brushed, aluminum-cladding strips in a warm silver color. The steel beams, each unique in its design and manufacture and ranging from 1 to 25 meters in length, were lifted one by one to their specific angle, creating complicated angle joints, sloped walls, and gallery ceilings. Approximately 3,500 tons of steel and 38 tons of bolts were used to create the skeleton, and roughly 9,000 cubic meters of concrete were poured. Michael Lee-Chin’s (chairman, Portland Holdings Inc) extraordinary $30 million gift to the ROM is an act of both gratitude and hope.

Red Ribbon (Qinghuang Dao, China)

The Tang He River Park site is a river corridor at the outskirts of the fast developing city of Qinghuang Dao, China, with lush vegetation and diverse species but was occupied by deserted irrigation structures and garbage dumps. Turenscape took a minimum design approach, integrating ecological principles with modern art. A ‘ribbon’ made of steel was introduced across the whole area parallel to the river and penetrates through the willow grove. This ‘red ribbon’ provides seating and displays native plants.

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10 nations with highest inflation

May 22, 2008

1. Zimbabwe: 355,000%

The inflation in Zimbabwe for the month of March 2008 rose to 355,000%!  Yes, 355,000 per cent! It more than doubled from the February figure of 165,000%. Economists say that it is a miracle that the Zimbabwean economy is still surviving and prices have been rising to unprecedented proportions. Inflation surged between February and March following the sudden rise in money supply that flooded the economy to finance the 2008 elections. Apart from this food and non-alcoholic beverages continued to drive up inflation. Almost 80% of the nation is unemployed. The Zimbabwean central bank has introduced $500 million bearer cheques (or currency notes) for the public, and $5 billion, $25 billion, $50 billion agro-cheques for farmers. Just last fortnight the nation had introduced $250 million bearer cheques.

2. Iraq: 53.2%

War-torn Iraq is also facing a huge problem, not only on the political front but also on the economic one. Inflation in Iraq is running amuck. It currently stands at 53.2%. Rising oil prices, political instability, terrorism and the other post-conflict dynamics have led to inflation in the nation rise to unmanageable proportions Some hurried counter-by the Iraqi central bank to curb inflation too has added fuel to the fire.

3. Guinea: 30.9%

Guinea is also one of the world’s poorest countries. The inflation in the nation is at 30.9%. Although blessed with rich mineral wealth — with huge iron ore, gold and diamond deposits — Guinea has been languishing as one of the poorest nations on earth with large-scale unemployment, lack of industry and infrastructure dogging it.

4. San Tome and Principe: 23.1%

The mainstay of the economy of San Tome and Principe, an African nation, is agriculture. The main export from the nation is cocoa. It also exports coconut, coffee, etc. The current inflation rate in San Tome and Principe is at 23.1%. The country does not produce enough to meet domestic demand and thus is forced to import some essential commodities. With prices of food and other essential items rising in the global markets, imports for the nation have become almost unsustainable, leading to high prices and inflation.

5. Yemen: 20.8%

Yemen is going through terrible times. The Yemini economy is experiencing an inflation rate of 20.8%. More than 87% of Yemenis live for less than $2 a day. About 52% of children less than 5 years old suffer from malnutrition. Most of the people are engaged in agriculture, followed by the services and infrastructure sectors, while unemployment is rampant at 35 per cent.

6. Myanmar: 20%

Myanmar is one of the world’s poorest nations. It has suffered immensely under military rule for decades and has been categorized as one of the ‘least developed countries’ in the world by the United Nations. Its inflation rate is at 20%. The economy of Myanmar is mostly controlled by the military junta leaving little room for private entrepreneurship or growth. The military regime has also decided to do away with all reforms suggested by economists, throwing the nation’s economy into further turmoil.

7. Uzbekistan: 19.8%

Uzbekistan is slowly moving from a somewhat closed to a market-based economy. The economic reforms have helped achieve some growth, but not nearly as much as the nation would ideally like to enjoy. Also, lack of infrastructure, tight state control over the economy, occasional skirmishes with neighboring nations, and an unstable political environment have seen inflation rise sharply here. The nation’s inflation rate is at 19.8% currently.

8. Democratic Republic of Congo: 18.2%

Global investors do not feel that the Republic of Congo has a foreigner-friendly investment environment as it does not offer any incentive to the investor. Added to that a disorganized yet costly work force, high electricity costs, irregular supply of raw material, occasional civil unrest, political instability have only added to Congo’s woes. And even as the nation grapples with its myriad problems, the Congolese economy has been going from bad to worse. And its current rate of inflation is 18.2%.

9. Afghanistan: 17%

Afghanistan has long been a theatre of conflict and that has affected its economy adversely. Perpetual battles, an environment of fear, lack of infrastructure, industry and services has led to a once-proud nation turn into one of the worlds poorest. The inflation rate in Afghanistan is at 17%. The influx of billions of dollars of international aid has not really helped the economy much, although it is supposed to be much better now than it was in 2002.

10. Serbia: 15.5%

Serbia’s fragile economy, which mostly rests on agriculture, services and some manufacturing activity, has been going through a reform process for a long time. However, economic sanctions that were imposed on the nations in the 1990s have hit Serbia’s economy so hard that its myriad economic problems continue to this day. Unemployment is rampant, foreign investment is down to a trickle, foreign exchange reserves are low, and political instability are keeping good projects from taking off. Although the nation is growing at a robust pace, the rising inflation — currently at 15.5% — is hurting the Serbian economy.


Tips to select a mobile phone

May 17, 2008

There are no hard and fast rules in this regard but keeping the following points in mind might just help.


1. Operating system:

 

Yep, just as you have to decide between Linux and Windows on a PC, you will need to make up your mind about whether you would rather go for a Symbian, Windows Mobile, Palm OS, Black-Berry or Linux device and each OS also has its own sub-groups too (Symbian, for instance, has different editions of Series 60 and UIQ). The jury is still out on which one is the best, but you will need to keep in mind factors like speed of operation, number of applications available (preferably free ones) and compatibility with other devices, before you opt for a particular OS. Do remember that unlike in PCs, you cannot install any OS on any phone—so if you are dreaming of running a Symbian OS on an iPhone, forget it! Here you are pretty much stuck with the OS that comes on the device. No changes allowed.


2. Screen size:


No need to go “duh’’ on this one. While screen size is indeed important on all cell phones, it attains an entirely different dimension in the case of enterprise phones. This is because one often ends up viewing, documents, presentations and spreadsheets on enterprise devices and even browsing the Internet a fair bit. And the bigger the screen, the lesser the strain on your eyes and fingers (hey, think of all the scrolling you will save on!).


3. Interface:


Do you like touch screens, physical keypads or a blend of the two? And even in physical keypads, do you want a proper QWERTY keypad, a semi-QWERTY keypad or just the good old alphanumeric affair? Well, it all really depends on your needs. Touch screen users normally end up with larger screens and the convenience of being able to scribble using a stylus, but have often to put up with iffy handwriting recognition systems and slightly lower battery performance. On the other hand, those with physical keypads often find the keys way too small to really replicate the convenience of a notebook but get better battery performance and more software applications to play around with. Suit yourself!


4. Software:


Different devices come with different software options. For instance, some might come with a full-fledged office suite while others might just have an application that allows you to view (but not edit or create) MS Office files. You will also need to consider whether your device comes with a PDF reader, a good email client (preferably supporting push mail) and a decent Internet browser. It’s just like a PC—the hardware is every bit as important as the software.


5. Connectivity:


As most enterprise phone users are frequent travelers, do check if the phone will work on all networks. If you have no intention of straying beyond Indian borders, do make sure that it supports EDGE (you will be surprised to know that some high-end enterprise phones do not support it). And it is not just a matter of networks, you will also need to check out if other connectivity options such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi are available onboard and also the kind of devices supported. It always helps if you can connect a projector or printer directly to your phone!


6. Multimedia:


The days when people used to insist that multimedia had no place in enterprise phones are passé. So make sure that the camera on your phone supports features like business card reading and whether the phone’s speakers are good enough to allow you to use it in speakerphone mode even in a meeting, if need be. Also check if the phone allows you to record long audio clips and whether it allows image editing—you will be surprised at just how often you need them.


7. Processor, storage:


All the features highlighted before would be useless if your phone ran out of juice in no time at all. Similarly, a good processor is necessary to ensure that your device keeps ticking over nicely. Storage of course will allow you to carry most of your files in your hand, and having lots of memory to play around will ensure that you can run multiple applications without your device hanging or crashing.

 


The world’s 10 best-selling Cars ever

May 15, 2008

1. Toyota Corolla

Since 1966, when Toyota first launched the Corolla, the car has been an unprecedented success. After nine ‘generations’ (or revisions), the car remains the most popular car in the world. Reports indicate that more than 35 million (3.5 crore) Toyota Corollas have been sold to date, and has been voted as the bestselling car of all time. According to Wikipedia, a Corolla is sold every 40 seconds.

2. Ford F Series

The Ford F Series has, by a wide margin, been the American auto giant’s biggest success ever. Ford F Series, a pick-up truck, has been the largest selling vehicle in the United States for 23 years. In 11 generations of changes and improvements, the vehicle has sold more than 29 million (2.9 crore) units in the 50 years of being around.

3. Volkswagen Golf

A bestseller from the time it hit the markets in 1974, the Volkswagen Golf is the world’s third bestselling car ever. It has gone through some five revisions and has managed to outsell its more famous cousin, the Volkswagen Beetle. Volkswagen Golf is said to have sold more than 25 million (2.5 crore) units till date.

4. Volkswagen Beetle

Volkswagen Beetle, which took the world by a storm since 1945, has sold more than 21.5 million (2.15 crore) units till 2003. Commonly known as the Bug, the Beetle traces its history to 1945 and is one of the most successful models that Volkswagen has produced. Though critics had predicted a complete failure for Beetle because of its peculiar styling, underpowered motor, rough ride, and high noise levels initially compared to modern vehicles, the car went on to make history. Wikipedia says that the Bug is also the bestselling single design car in history.

5. Ford Escort

The Ford Escort made its debut in 1967 as a family car. By the end of 1968, the car was already one of the best selling cars in the United States and the United Kingdom. From 1967 to 2003, the car sold over 20 million (2 crore) vehicles globally. Ford continued to broaden the Escort range with the introduction of four-door saloons, estates, vans. . . Escort was then given a host of revisions to improve appearance, performance and comfort. When the spruced up Ford Escort debuted in 1981, the US automaker called it the World Car. The car went through a series of improvements till it started to drop off people’s radar. In 2003, finally its manufacture was halted.

6. Honda Civic

The first generation Honda Civic arrived in July 1972 as a short backed 2-door, followed by a 3-door hatchback in November 1972. The Civic has since then gone through seven more revisions and has turned out to be a huge hit amongst car lovers. The car has till date sold over 16.5 million (1.65 crore) units. Honda Civic is available in India too and is perhaps the best looking car on India roads currently. Its 1800cc engine that makes 130 bhp at a rather high 6300 rpm, and torque at 17.9 kgm at 4300 rpm is higher than that of the Toyota Corolla.

7. Ford Model T

Ford Model T is a 100 years old. It is this iconic vehicle that put the world on wheels. October 1, 1908 was when the first Ford Model T was made for sale. It was the first low-priced, mass-produced automobile with standard, interchangeable parts. It had a 20-horsepower, four-cylinder engine with a top speed of about 45 miles per hour. The moving assembly line for the Model T revolutionized manufacturing in 1913. Henry Ford called the Model T ‘the universal car.’ On December 18, 1999, the Ford Model T was named ‘Car of the Century.’ Since 1908 to 1927, the car sold 16.5 million (1.65 crore) units. Painted black because it was the color that dried the fastest on the assembly lines, Henry Ford told his customers this – Any customer can have a car painted in any color that he wants so long as it is black.

8. Nissan Sunny/Sentra/Pulsar

The Nissan Sunny/Sentra/Pulsar/Tsuru was a bestseller from the Nissan stable and still continues to be available as the Sentra. It began life in 1966 as the Datsun 1000 and soon became a major rage around the globe. The car has sold more than 16 million (1.6 crore) units having gone through 10 improvements since its debut.

9. Volkswagen Passat

The Volkswagen Passat has sold over 15 million (1.5 crore) units since 1973 to make it the 9th bestselling car ever. Volkswagen, Europe’s largest car manufacturer, has also debuted in India with the Passat which is loaded with an incredible array of features that are not available in cars that are substantially more expensive. Each little aspect of the car is thought out and the car is built to standards that are seen only in luxury models. Besides this, the 140 bhp 2.0-litre diesel motor mated to the state-of-the-art DSG gearbox means this is a fantastic car to drive as well.

10. Lada Riva

Lada Riva was a very unlikely bestseller. It has attained almost cult status and is a very a popular car in Russia and Egypt. In 1966, an agreement between Fiat and the Soviet government was signed to set up a car factory near Moscow. The car to be manufactured here was named the Lada. The Lada 1200 saloon was first seen in Britain at the 1973 Motor Show and stunned Europe with its low price. Then came various versions and versions of a car that rage amongst buyers. For the record, the car has sold over 13.5 million (1.35 crore) units till date, although its exports to Europe were stopped in 1997.


Things to avoid at your job interview

May 9, 2008

If you have received an interview call, it means your CV has done what it was supposed to. The next step for you is to convert the job interview into a job. Your CV can’t do much here. It is you who has to convince the interviewer that you are the best choice. However good your CV is, if you can’t present yourself properly during the interview, it can’t get you the job. There are many small mistakes that candidates commit, costing them the opportunity and the job. This article is an attempt to put forward the small mistakes that can prove to be the death of the interview.

If you really want the job for which you are being interviewed, make sure you do not commit these mistakes and instead leave a good impression on the interviewer.

Arriving late and ignoring explicit instructions

This is the first mistake that can give a negative impression. As you go for an interview, the interviewer spares some time to meet you. Your arriving late will probably disturb their work schedule. Try to reach on time and if you are getting late for any reason, make sure that you inform the interviewer. Also, make sure that you follow all the instructions provided to you to appear for the interview. Ignoring the explicit instructions shows your “I don’t care” attitude.

Don’t be a job beggar

Approach the interview as a problem solver and not as a job beggar. It is not the beggars who are hired; it is the people who have a capability to solve the employer’s problems, who are hired. The employer has a problem to which you have a solution, so it is a give and take relationship. Employers respect people who respect themselves.

Going without preparation

Prepare yourself for the obvious questions. Not being able to reply to the general questions properly gives a bad impression. Make it a point to research the company and its business before you go for an interview. Not having the basic knowledge about the company shows that you are not interested in the job. This is one of the biggest mistakes you can commit as an interviewee.  

Not analyzing the job profile and requirements

This is another big mistake that many candidates commit. If you do not take the time to understand the job profile and requirements properly, you cannot expect the questions the interviewer might have. Moreover, you will not be able to dispel the interviewer of the doubts s/he may have regarding your candidature on that profile.

Badmouthing your previous company

During an interview, do not criticize your last employer. The prospective employer will try to relate himself to your last employer and your badmouthing can give them the impression that you are a misfit. Most employers try to judge your attitude through this question. Speaking negatively about your place of work might give them the feeling that you are not an easy person to get along with.

Telling lies about your candidature

Remember that you have a right to remain silent over the things that you don’t want to disclose. It is not necessary that you provide them the details of every inch of your career but make sure that you do not tell lies about your candidature. These lies may get you hired but they can be a big reason for you being fired as well.

Sounding money-minded

Employers do not like people who switch jobs for couple of thousand rupees. Although money is a major attraction, do not talk about the salary and benefits before you are offered the job. Let the interviewer begin the discussion on the salary.

Not asking questions to the interviewer

Almost all interviewers give the candidate a chance to ask questions. This is something you can always expect. Prepare yourself to ask some intelligent questions about the company, business, your chances to grow in the organization etc. By not asking questions you might give the impression of being uninterested or indifferent.

Failing to send a thank you note

Do not fail to send a thank you note to the interviewers within 24 hours of your interview. This will keep you fresh in their minds and give them another chance to let you know if they have any concerns regarding your candidature.

Over-aggression

You have all the right to speak for yourself during the interview and sell your skills but do not go overboard by interrupting the interview or arguing with him/her. This might give the interviewer the impression of over-confidence instead of confidence.

In addition to these pointers, there are other general things you should avoid such as not grooming yourself properly, chewing gum or smoking just before or during the interview, answering your cell phone during the interview etc.


Soft Skills for IT professionals

May 7, 2008

A career in the field of information technology (IT) is one of the most sought these days. Most engineering college graduates land up in the IT industry. While, a job as a software engineer looks very lucrative at first glance, once you get into the industry, you realize that it is not just your technical skills that will keep you in the race. You need something more to ensure that you are able to do a good job. In other words, you need some extra skills to ensure that you are able to keep the job after you land it. These extra skills are called ‘soft skills’.

Here are some soft skills which will help you grow not just as a professional but also as a person: 

 A never-say-die attitude

Any task that comes to you or your team, undertake with a can-do attitude. Slowly you will observe that you and your team have become the favorite of the management. Every accomplished task boosts your self confidence and pushes you one step closer to success.

 Communication

This includes verbal, non-verbal and written communication. Be sure that you are able to put across your point clearly and confidently. As an IT professional you will need to work with colleagues and clients of various nationalities and backgrounds. Ensure that you are able communicate clearly with them. This applies to teleconferencing as well.

 Learn to listen

Listening is an essential part of communication. Ensure that you listen attentively. This will help make the other party feel comfortable while interacting with you and improve your communications.

 Be a team player

Help your team members help themselves. Be friendly and approachable. If your team is stuck somewhere look out for ideas to overcome the obstacle together.

 Learn to delegate

Chances are you will have junior members on the team. Recognize their strengths and delegate them the right work.  

 Give credit to those who deserve it

Do not all the credit for a job well done. Pass on praise or recognition from superiors to team members who deserve it. Doing it publicly or in front of your boss will further instill a feeling of confidence among your team.

Motivate yourself and others

As you look ahead to grow in your career you will need to deal with various people under you. You cannot expect quality results from a team whose motivational level is too low. So, stay motivated and keep others motivated.

Develop leadership qualities

A leader is a person whom people are ready to follow. Develop qualities that will make people follow you not because they are required to but because they want to. Even while operating in a team, take a role to lead and facilitate the work for other members.

Control your sense of humor

When you are working with people from various cultures you need to be extra careful with your sense of humor and gestures. Behavior that is acceptable among Indian colleagues might be considered obscene or disrespectful by people from other cultures. Stay away from controversial topics or ideas in the office.

Mentoring

This is a quality one needs to develop in order to grow. If you want to grow in the hierarchy, you need to help sub-ordinates grow. Be a good mentor. Help them understand things better. This not only improves the work environment but also improves your work relationships.

Handling criticism

When you are working with people, at times you will be criticized while at others you will be required to criticize your colleagues or sub-ordinates. Ensure that you take the criticism constructively and look at it as an opportunity to grow. Similarly, while criticizing others choose your words carefully and keep it professional. Destructive criticism will lead to loss of respect and trust. Let your criticism help the other person grow.

IT-preneur

Like an entrepreneur, have a risk-taking attitude. Learn to take responsibility for failures and pride in a job well done.

 Managing spoil sports

While working in a team there will always be one or two people with a negative attitude. This attitude can be contagious. Employ tactics to deal with such people and improve motivation.

E-tiquette

Keep an eye on your e-mails for proper language. Open up the e-mail with a suitable address and end with a thanking note. Your words should convey the correct meaning and invoke the desired action.

Multitasking

As you climb the ladder of success, you will need to handle work from various fields. For example, you will have to interact with your technical team on project success, with the HR department for team appraisal and recruitment, with clients on project requirements or problems etc. Organize and plan to fit in all the required activities into your schedule.

Once you have developed these soft skills along with your technical skills you will find that you are a lot more confident about your capabilities.


How to make a BIG impression at your interview!

May 5, 2008

An interview is, in effect, a sales meeting in which you are selling the product — ‘you’ — to a purchaser — ‘the interviewer’. Creating the right kind of chemistry with the interviewer through body language could clinch the interview for you.

Body Language

 

As soon as you are seen walking through the door, you are making an impression, so make sure it is the right one. Slowing down or dipping your head as you enter will look anxious and tentative. Rushing in can also seems nervous. Keeping an erect posture with your head held high in contrast looks confident. Pause at the door, smile at the interviewer and walk through decisively. You are aiming to appear personable and warm, as well as business-like. Transfer any coat, briefcase or handbag into your left hand to leave your right hand free ready to shake hands confidently with the interviewer.

Handshakes

Be aware of your handshake. Avoid bone crusher or limp/dead-fish handshakes. If you have a tendency to sweat or have cold hands, make sure you have wiped your hands or warmed them up before you enter the room. Use a firm handshake. Hold out your hand horizontally so that your palm meets the other person’s at the same angle. Remember that a handshake can give you a lot of information about someone. Notice how the interviewer offers their hand. When they clasp it, do they turn your hand so that their palm is facing down, putting themselves in the dominant position? Do you both walk towards each other into each other’s personal space equally or do they pull you towards them? Do they release your hand first and push it away? Are they relaxed or nervous? Is their hand warm, cold, dry or damp? Is their arm fully extended or relaxed? Do they touch you with their other hand?

Eye contact

Make eye contact with your interviewer(s) when listening. If there is more than one interviewer, make sure you make equal eye contact with both. Remember that too much eye contact can seem aggressive, so scan the upper triangle of the face (from the eyes to the forehead), rather than stare directly into the other person’s eyes without interruption. Break your eye contact when you are thinking of an answer. It looks natural.

Sitting

 

Keep your posture confident and relaxed. A good trick is to take a deep breath when you sit down and lower your shoulders. It will make the interviewer response positively to you. Make sure you do not slump down in your chair or lean back away from the interviewer. It will look as if you are not interested. Instead, sit back into the chair so that you are well supported and, if you can, rest your elbows on the chair arms.

 

Open body language

Avoid leg and arm barriers and closed body language — you will just look defensive or submissive. Keep your gestures open and relaxed. If there is a desk between you and the interviewer, sit back slightly so you have room to move freely. If you want to emphasize a point, keep your palms open and towards the interviewer to look friendly. At the same time, be aware of how relaxed or formal their interviewer is. Stay in tune with them and let them set the tone for the interview. If you relax too much and are far more laid-back than they are, you will appear either sloppy or overconfident. If, on the other hand, you are too formal, they will find it hard to relate to you.

Watch while you speak

Be aware not only of your own body language but also the body language of the interviewer. Let their body language signals be your guide as to the level of their interest. Are they bored? Interested? Defensive?  In agreement?  Disagreement?  When you make a point or give an answer, how do they respond? Notice if their body language suddenly changes. Interviewees frequently speak for too long, so be aware if the interviewer starts to nod more rapidly or tap their fingers. They may want to interrupt you.

Show interest

Vary your facial expressions to show enthusiasm and interest. When they speak, lean forwards, nod, or rest your forefinger to your chin to show your full attention. Lower your eyebrows, even frown slightly, to show concentration. Part your lips slightly. Also, make sure you avoid arm barriers when you are listening, as well as when you are speaking.

Saying goodbye

When you say goodbye, allow the interviewer to instigate a handshake. Return it with a firm handshake and then be aware that they will probably usher you from the room, as they are the dominant person in the situation. Finally, make sure you end the interview with a smile and eye contact.