Easy Yoga

March 31, 2008

There are two basic types of yoga. 

It takes years of practice to do this asana which is shown in the picture below

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It takes only 8 pegs of whiskey to do the  asana as shown below in the picture.

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What you MUST know about Inflation

March 31, 2008

“Inflation is when you pay fifteen dollars for the ten-dollar haircut you used to get for five dollars when you had hair.” — Sam Ewing.

“Inflation and credit expansion, the preferred methods of present day government openhandedness, do not add anything to the amount of resources available. They make some people more prosperous, but only to the extent that they make others poorer.” – Ludwig von Mises.

Everyone is facing the brunt of rising prices. Prices of all essential commodities are rising not just in India but across the world due to a fall in supply. Inflation has spiralled all over the world. With India importing food items, it is only adding more woes to the people.

The Indian economy is also facing a slowdown. The markets have also shed huge gains — March 25 was a sort on anomaly — taking a cue from global meltdown. Industrial production has slowed down, further decelerating the economy. There were risks from turbulence on global financial markets and from rising oil, metals, and wheat and rice prices worldwide. The rise in Inflation is a matter that causes worry to any government. When inflation is on the rise, all of us should be concerned.

What is inflation?

“Inflation is the most regressive form of taxation because it hits the poor the most.”-Narendra Jadhav, Vice Chancellor, University of Pune.

 Inflation is a rise in the prices of a specific set of goods or services. In either case, it is measured as the percentage rate of change of a price index. Food prices are soaring . . . all essential items like vegetables, oil, milk, sugar are getting costlier. Rentals and real estate rates have almost doubled in just a few months in most cities. The real estate prices are at record highs making life miserable, especially for people who have migrated to cities for jobs.

Why inflation hurts us badly

“Inflation is bringing us true democracy. For the first time in history, luxuries and necessities are selling at the same price.” — Robert Orben.

Inflation hits you badly as prices are rising. You end up spending more money for things that you could buy for les earlier.

What you could buy for $ 100, a few years ago, would now cost you nearly double. As a result, your savings will come down. As prices rise, the purchasing power of money goes down too. So to fight inflation, you must always invest money wisely. When you invest money, you must be careful about the return on your investment. The return on your investment must always be higher than the rate of inflation. You may have got a good pay hike, but were you able to save the extra cash? Well, if inflation is high, you end up spending more money so in effect the hike makes little sense. A high inflation rate negates the salary hike you have received.

Inflation reduces the purchasing power of your money. It hits retired folk and people with fixed incomes very badly. Inflation destabilizes the economy as consumers and investors change their spending habits. People tend to spend less when prices are up as a result production slows down resulting in job losses as well. Inflation also affects the distribution of income. Lenders and borrowers are also hit. Experts say a little inflation is good for the economy. It keeps the economy active as the prices of goods keep changing. In the short term, it encourages spending and borrowing and also encourages long term investments.

How inflation hits you

“The first panacea for a misguided nation is inflation of the currency; the second is war. Both bring a temporary prosperity; both bring a permanent ruin. But both are the refuge of political and economic opportunists.” — Ernest Hemingway.

Economists attribute inflation to a demand-pull theory. According to this, if there is a huge demand for products in all sectors, it results in a shortage of goods. Thus prices of commodities shoot up.

Another reason for inflation is the cost-push theory. It says that labor groups also trigger inflation. When wages for laborers’ are increased, producers raise the prices of products to make up for salary hike. The rising prices of food products, manufacturing products, and essential commodities push the inflation rate further.

Spiraling global crude oil prices have worsened the situation. Sometimes, banks create more liquidity by allowing more loans for people, giving them the purchasing power to buy more, as a result of which prices are driven up further. The demand-supply gap also drives inflation rates.

How is inflation calculated?

“Inflation is taxation without legislation.” Milton Friedman.

India uses the Wholesale Price Index to calculate and then decide the inflation rate in the economy. Most developed countries use the Consumer Price Index to calculate inflation. WPI is the index that is used to measure the change in the average price level of goods traded in wholesale market.

 In India, data on a total of 435 commodities’ prices is tracked through WPI which is an indicator of movement in prices of commodities in all trade and transactions.

CPI is a measure of a weighted average of prices of a specified set of goods and services purchased by consumers. It is a price index that tracks the prices of a specified basket of consumer goods and services, providing a measure of inflation.CPI are a fixed quantity price index and considered by some a cost of living index.

Many economists say that India must adopt CPI to calculate inflation as CPI measures the increase in price that a consumer will ultimately have to pay for. United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Canada, Singapore and China use CPI to measure inflation.

WPI does not measure the exact price rise consumers will experience because; it is calculated at the wholesale level.

Another issue with WPI is that more than 100 out of the 435 commodities included in the Index are no longer important for consumers. Even commodities like livestock feed are considered to measure the WPI. In India, inflation is calculated on a weekly basis.

Types of inflation

“Inflation is like sin; every government denounces it and every government practices it.” Frederick Leith-Ross .

 There are different types of inflation:  

 Deflation: It refers to a general falling level of prices. 

 Disinflation: This is a decrease in the rate of inflation.  

Hyperinflation: When prices zoom and inflation goes out-of-control, it is called hyperinflation. 

 Stagflation: It is a combination of inflation, rising unemployment and stagnation in the economy.  

Reflation: This refers to move to hike prices to fight deflationary pressures.


8 key ratios for picking good stocks

March 28, 2008

The following 8 financial ratios offer terrific insights into the financial health of a company — and the prospects for a rise in its share price.

1. Ploughback and reserves

After deduction of all expenses, including taxes, the net profits of a company are split into two parts — dividends and ploughback.

Dividend is that portion of a company’s profits which is distributed to its shareholders, whereas ploughback is the portion that the company retains and gets added to its reserves. The figures for ploughback and reserves of any company can be obtained by a cursory glance at its balance sheet and profit and loss account.

Ploughback is important because it not only increases the reserves of a company but also provides the company with funds required for its growth and expansion. All growth companies maintain a high level of ploughback. So if you are looking for a growth company to invest in, you should examine its ploughback figures. Companies that have no intention of expanding are unlikely to plough back a large portion of their profits.

Reserves constitute the accumulated retained profits of a company. It is important to compare the size of a company’s reserves with the size of its equity capital. This will indicate whether the company is in a position to issue bonus shares.

As a rule-of-thumb, a company whose reserves are double that of its equity capital should be in a position to make a liberal bonus issue.

Retained profits also belong to the shareholders. This is why reserves are often referred to as shareholders’ funds. Therefore, any addition to the reserves of a company will normally lead to a corresponding an increase in the price of your shares.

The higher the reserves, the greater will be the value of your shareholding. Retained profits (ploughback) may not come to you in the form of cash, but they benefit you by pushing up the price of your shares.

2. Book value per share

Book value per share indicates what each share of a company is worth according to the company’s books of accounts. The company’s books of account maintain a record of what the company owns (assets), and what it owes to its creditors (liabilities). If you subtract the total liabilities of a company from its total assets, then what is left belongs to the shareholders, called the shareholders’ funds. If you divide shareholders’ funds by the total number of equity shares issued by the company, the figure that you get will be the book value per share.

Book Value per share = Shareholders’ funds / Total number of equity shares issued

The figure for shareholders’ funds can also be obtained by adding the equity capital and reserves of the company. Book value is a historical record based on the original prices at which assets of the company were originally purchased. It doesn’t reflect the current market value of the company’s assets.

Therefore, book value per share has limited usage as a tool for evaluating the market value or price of a company’s shares. It can, at best, give you a rough idea of what a company’s shares should at least be worth.

The market prices of shares are generally much higher than what their book values indicate. Therefore, if you come across a share whose market price is around its book value, the chances are that it is under-priced. This is one way in which the book value per share ratio can prove useful to you while assessing whether a particular share is over- or under-priced.

3. Earnings per share (EPS)

EPS is a well-known and widely used investment ratio. It is calculated as:

 Earnings per Share (EPS) = Profit after Tax / Total number of equity shares issued

This ratio gives the earnings of a company on a per share basis. In order to get a clear idea of what this ratio signifies, let us assume that you possess 100 shares with a face value of Rs 10 each in XYZ Ltd. Suppose the earnings per share of XYZ Ltd. is Rs 6 per share and the dividend declared by it is 20 per cent, or Rs 2 per share. This means that each share of XYZ Ltd. earns Rs 6 every year, even though you receive only Rs 2 out of it as dividend.

The remaining amount, Rs 4 per share, constitutes the ploughback or retained earnings. If you had bought these shares at par, it would mean a 60 per cent return on your investment, out of which you would receive 20 per cent as dividend and 40 per cent would be the ploughback. This ploughback of 40 per cent would benefit you by pushing up the market price of your shares. Ideally speaking, your shares should appreciate by 40 per cent from Rs 10 to Rs 14 per share.

This illustration serves to drive home a basic investment lesson. You should evaluate your investment returns not on the basis of the dividend you receive, but on the basis of the earnings per share. Earnings per share are the true indicator of the returns on your share investments.

Suppose you had bought shares in XYZ Ltd at double their face value, i.e. at Rs 20 per share. Then an EPS of Rs 6 per share would mean a 30 per cent return on your investment, of which 10 per cent (Rs 2 per share) is dividend and 20 per cent (Rs 4 per share), the ploughback.

Under ideal conditions, ploughback should push up the price of your shares by 20 per cent, i.e. from Rs 20 to 24 per share. Therefore, irrespective of what price you buy a particular company’s shares at its EPS will provide you with an invaluable tool for calculating the returns on your investment.

4. Price earnings ratio (P/E)

The price earnings ratio (P/E) expresses the relationship between the market price of a company’s share and its earnings per share:

Price/Earnings Ratio (P/E) = Price of the share / Earnings per share

This ratio indicates the extent to which earnings of a share are covered by its price. If P/E is 5, it means that the price of a share is 5 times its earnings. In other words, the company’s EPS remaining constant, it will take you approximately five years through dividends plus capital appreciation to recover the cost of buying the share. The lower the P/E, lesser the time it will take for you to recover your investment.

P/E ratio is a reflection of the market’s opinion of the earnings capacity and future business prospects of a company. Companies which enjoy the confidence of investors and have a higher market standing usually command high P/E ratios.

For example, blue chip companies often have P/E ratios that are as high as 20 to 60. However, most other companies in India have P/E ratios ranging between 5 and 20.On the face of it, it would seem that companies with low P/E ratios would offer the most attractive investment opportunities. This is not always true. Companies with high current earnings but dim future prospects often have low P/E ratios.

Obviously such companies are not good investments, notwithstanding their P/E ratios. As an investor your primary concern is with the future prospects of a company and not so much with its present performance. This is the main reason why companies with low current earnings but bright future prospects usually command high P/E ratios.

All this may seem very perplexing to you because it leaves the basic question unanswered: How does one use the P/E ratio for making sound investment decisions?

The answer lies in utilizing the P/E ratio in conjunction with your assessment of the future earnings and growth prospects of a company. You have to judge the extent to which its P/E ratio reflects the company’s future prospects. If it is low compared to the future prospects of a company, then the company’s shares are good for investment. Therefore, even if you come across a company with a high P/E ratio of 25 or 30 doesn’t summarily reject it because even this level of P/E ratio may actually be low if the company is poised for meteoric future growth. On the other hand, a low P/E ratio of 4 or 5 may actually be high if your assessment of the company’s future indicates sharply declining sales and large losses.

5. Dividend and yield

There are many investors who buy shares with the objective of earning a regular income from their investment. Their primary concern is with the amount that a company gives as dividends — capital appreciation being only a secondary consideration. For such investors, dividends obviously play a crucial role in their investment calculations. It is illogical to draw a distinction between capital appreciation and dividends. Money is money — it doesn’t really matter whether it comes from capital appreciation or from dividends.

A wise investor is primarily concerned with the total returns on his investment — he doesn’t really care whether these returns come from capital appreciation or dividends, or through varying combinations of both. In fact, investors in high tax brackets prefer to get most of their returns through long-term capital appreciation because of tax considerations.

Companies that give high dividends not only have a poor growth record but often also poor future growth prospects. If a company distributes the bulk of its earnings in the form of dividends, there will not be enough ploughback for financing future growth. On the other hand, high growth companies generally have a poor dividend record. This is because such companies use only a relatively small proportion of their earnings to pay dividends. In the long run, however, high growth companies not only offer steep capital appreciation but also end up paying higher dividends.

On the whole, therefore, you are likely to get much higher total returns on your investment if you invest for capital appreciation rather than for dividends. In short, it all boils down to whether you are prepared to sacrifice a part of your immediate dividend income in the expectation of greater capital appreciation and higher dividends in the years to come and the whole issue is basically a trade-off between capital appreciation and income. Investors are not really interested in dividends but in the relationship that dividends bear to the market price of the company’s shares. This relationship is best expressed by the ratio called yield or dividend yield:

Yield = (Dividend per share / market price per share) x 100

Yield indicates the percentage of return that you can expect by way of dividends on your investment made at the prevailing market price. The concept of yield is best clarified by the following illustration.

Let us suppose you have invested Rs 2,000 in buying 100 shares of XYZ Ltd at Rs 20 per share with a face value of Rs 10 each.

If XYZ announces a dividend of 20 per cent (Rs 2 per share), then you stand to get a total dividend of Rs 200. Since you bought these shares at Rs 20 per share, the yield on your investment is 10 per cent (Yield = 2/20 x 100). Thus, while the dividend was 20 per cent; but your yield is actually 10 per cent. The concept of yield is of far greater practical utility than dividends. It gives you an idea of what you are earning through dividends on the current market price of your shares.

Average yield figures in India usually vary around 2 per cent of the market value of the shares. If you have a share portfolio consisting of shares belonging to a large number of both high-growth and high-dividend companies, then on an average your dividend in-come is likely to be around 2 per cent of the total market value of your portfolio.

6. Return on Capital Employed (ROCE), and

7. Return on Net worth (RONW)

While analyzing a company, the most important thing you would like to know is whether the company is efficiently using the capital (shareholders’ funds plus borrowed funds) entrusted to it. While valuing the efficiency and worth of companies, we need to know the return that a company is able to earn on its capital, namely its equity plus debt. A company that earns a higher return on the capital it employs is more valuable than one which earns a lower return on its capital. The tools for measuring these returns are:

1. Return on Capital Employed (ROCE), and

2. Return on Net Worth (RONW).

Return on Capital Employed and Return on Net Worth (shareholders funds) are valuable financial ratios for evaluating a company’s efficiency and the quality of its management. The figures for these ratios are commonly available in business magazines, annual reports and economic newspapers and financial Web sites.

Return on capital employed

Return on capital employed (ROCE) is best defined as operating profit divided by capital employed (net worth plus debt).The figure for operating profit is arrived at after adding back taxes paid, depreciation, extraordinary one-time expenses, and deducting extraordinary one-time income and other income (income not earned through mainline operations), to the net profit figure. The operating profit of a company is a better indicator of the profits earned by it than is the net profit. ROCE thus reflects the overall earnings performance and operational efficiency of a company’s business. It is an important basic ratio that permits an investor to make inter-company comparisons.

Return on net worth

Return on net worth (RONW) is defined as net profit divided by net worth. It is a basic ratio that tells a shareholder what he is getting out of his investment in the company.

ROCE is a better measure to get an idea of the overall profitability of the company’s operations, while RONW is a better measure for judging the returns that a shareholder gets on his investment.

The use of both these ratios will give you a broad picture of a company’s efficiency, financial viability and its ability to earn returns on shareholders’ funds and capital employed.

8. PEG ratio

PEG is an important and widely used ratio for forming an estimate of the intrinsic value of a share. It tells you whether the share that you are interested in buying or selling is under-priced, fully priced or over-priced.

For this you need to link the P/E ratio discussed earlier to the future growth rate of the company. This is based on the assumption that the higher the expected growth rate of the company, the higher will be the P/E ratio that the company’s share commands in the market.

The reverse is equally true. The P/E ratio cannot be viewed in isolation. It has to be viewed in the context of the company’s future growth rate. The PEG is calculated by dividing the P/E by the forecasted growth rate in the EPS (earnings per share) of the company.

As a broad rule of the thumb, a PEG value below 0.5 indicates a very attractive buying opportunity, whereas a selling opportunity emerges when the PEG crosses 1.5, or even 2 for that matter. The catch here is to accurately calculate the future growth rate of earnings (EPS) of the company. Wide and intensive reading of investment and business news and analysis, combined with experience will certainly help you to make more accurate forecasts of company earnings.


Wolrd’s 10 biggest Banks

March 27, 2008

The world’s largest banks by total assets in US dollars.

UBS AG, Zurich, Switzerland – is the world’s biggest manager of other people’s money. The bank’s asset stood at $1,963.227 billion as in January 2008. Present in major financial centre’s worldwide; UBS has offices in 50 countries. The bank had 81,557 employees on June 30, 2007. It originated in 1747, with its maiden branch coming up in the Swiss region of Valposchiavo.The new UBS evolved out of a merger of the Union Bank of Switzerland and the Swiss Bank Corporation in June 1998. The merged bank’s new name was originally supposed to be the United Bank of Switzerland. But it had to be named UBS as the proposed name clashed with United Bank Switzerland.

Barclays PLC is a major bank operating in Europe, the United States, West Asia, Latin America, Australia, Asia and Africa. It operates through its subsidiary Barclays Bank PLC. The bank has registered assets worth $1,951.041 billion. It is also the sponsor of the English Premier League. Forbes Global 2000 ranked Barclays PLC as the 18th largest company in the world in 2007. The bank’s roots can be traced back to 1690 in London. It borrowed its name from Alexander and David Barclay, who provided credit to slave traders. Barclays being a member of the global ATM Alliance, its customers can use ATMs of other banks free of charge.

BNP Paribas is a major European bank. It was created on May 23, 2000 through the merger of Banque Nationale de Paris and Paribas. As on January 31, the bank’s assets stood at $1,899.186 billion. Its history can be traced back to 1869, when a group of bankers and investors, including Adrien Delahante, Edmond Joubert and Henri Cernuschi, founded the Banque de Paris. The bank employs 162,700 people and operates in 87 countries. The bank is active in the finance, investment and asset management markets.

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc, Edinburgh, UK, is the largest banking group in Scotland and the fifth largest in the world by market capitalization. As on January 31, the bank’s assets stood at $1,705.680 billion. The bank originated from the Equivalent Society set up by investors in the bankrupt Company of Scotland. The Society was formed to protect the compensation the investors received as part of the arrangements of the 1707 Acts of Union.

Credit Agricole SA is the largest retail banking group in France and the eighth largest in the world, according to The Banker magazine. On January 31, the bank’s assets stood at $1,663.101 billion. Through its subsidiaries, Credit Agricole SA is involved in the following services: Retail banking, International retail banking, specialized financial services, asset management, insurance and private banking, corporate and investment banking.

Deutsche Bank AG is headquartered in Frankfurt. It employs more than 78,000 people in 76 countries. As on January 31, the bank’s asset stood at $1,485.008 billion. Deutsche Bank was founded in Germany in 1870 as a bank for foreign trade in Berlin by private banker Adelbert Delbruck and politician Ludwig Bamberger.

The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd came into being with the merger of The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Limited and UFJ Bank Limited. As on January 31, the bank’s assets stood at $1,362.598 billion. The bank, through its several subsidiaries, performs the following activities: commercial banking, trust banking, securities dealing, leasing, venture capital deals, factoring, research and consulting, securities custody service, etc.

ABN AMRO Holding NV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, evolved from the amalgamation of AMRO and ABN. As on January 31, the bank’s assets stood at $1,301.508 billion. The bank created history when the Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Fortis and Banco Santander announced on October 8, 2007, that an offer for 86 per cent of outstanding ABN AMRO stock had been accepted. This made way for the largest ever bank takeover in history. On November 1 2007, an extraordinary shareholder meeting changed the bank’s management.

Societe Generale, one of the oldest banks in France, is also one of the main European financial services companies. As on January 31, 2008, its assets stood at $1,261.657 billion. It is headquartered in France with the main head office in Tours Societe Generale in the business district of La Defense west of Paris.

Bank of America was formed after the consolidation of quite a few historical banks, the most prominent of those being the Bank of Italy. On January 31, the bank’s assets stood at $1,196.124 billion. In 1958, the bank introduced the BankAmericard, which changed its name to VISA in 1977. A consortium of other California banks came up with Master Charge (now MasterCard).Bank of America has divisions in US, Europe and Asia. The US headquarters are located in New York, European headquarters are based in London and Asia’s headquarters are split between Singapore & Hong Kong.


A wonder Laptop

March 27, 2008

An Indian medical technology firm has configured a laptop that can do a heart scan, abdomen scan and even a pregnancy test while retaining its basic functions like writing a note, preparing presentations and sending an e-mail.

‘Though portable ultrasound machines are not new in India, this machine doubles up as a laptop and a multi-utility ultrasound machine. It is easy to use, carry and send body images even to your e-mail. The system runs on a standard Apple Mackintosh laptop computer, which is integrated with a fusion processor and a unique, custom-designed, integrated ultrasound chip set.

The familiar Windows graphical user interface makes the system intuitive and easy to use. The t3000 laptop is designed for general, vascular, and breast imaging, interventional radiology, image-guided intervention, endocrinology, laparoscopy, neuro-sonography and nephrology.

The laptop has collar Doppler for better imaging of a total body scan and weighs around three kilograms. The price varies between Rs.1.2 million (over $30,000) and Rs.3 million, depending on the type of configuration a doctor wants.

The laptop, doctors said, helps them do their job more easily and efficiently.’Now a patient or a doctor need not always go to a hospital for any kind of tests like heart scan, thyroid scan, abdomen scan and even pregnancy tests. This helps one to reach the bedside of a patient and treat him.

‘You can do the scanning of different parts of your body and get the image printouts through the same laptop. The images can also be transferred to a PowerPoint presentation or emailed for convenience of a doctor or a patient.The sensor attached to the laptop sends sound waves inside the patient’s body and the laptop placed nearly half a metre away will display internal images, blood flow and blockages inside the organ or body part.


Things your Resume should NOT have

March 27, 2008

Colorful or glossy paper and flashy fonts – Your CV is a formal, official document. Keep it simple.

Resume or CV at the top – Many people tend to add headings to their CV. The usual are CV, Curriculum Vitae and Resume. Do not do this.

Photographs until asked – Do not add your photo to the CV until you have been asked for it. Photographs are required only for certain types of positions like models, actors etc.

Usage of ‘I’, ‘My’, ‘He’, ‘She’ – Do not use these in your CV. Many candidates write, ‘I worked as Team Leader for XYZ Company’ or ‘He was awarded Best Employee for the year 2007’. Instead use bullet points to list out your qualifications/ experience like: Team leader for XYZ Company from 2006-2007.

Spelling mistakes and grammatical errors – Proofread your CV until you are confident that it doesn’t have any spelling mistakes or grammatical errors. These are big put-offs for the recruiters. Moreover, sometimes these mistakes might land you in an embarrassing situation.
A candidate who submitted his CV without proofreading it committed the mistake of wrongly spelling ‘ask’ as ‘ass’. Now you can imagine the type of embarrassment he must have faced during the interview, when the interviewer pointed it out. These mistakes tend to convey a lazy and careless attitude to the interviewer.

Lies about your candidature – Do not lie about your past jobs or qualifications or anything which might have an impact on the job. You may be able to secure a job with these lies today but tomorrow you may lose it as well.

Abbreviations or jargon that is difficult to understand – People screening your resume usually belong to the HR department. If they do not understand what the abbreviations and jargon mean, they will simply dump your CV in the trash can. Avoid over-using such terms as far as possible.

Reasons for leaving last job – Leave these reasons to be discussed during the personal interview. For example, some candidates write: Reason for leaving the last job: Made redundant. Avoid making such statements in your CV, they add no value. Besides, if you do get an interview call, chances are the interviewer will address the issue.

Past failures or health problems – Mentioning these immediately slash your chances of getting an interview call.
For instance, you have a gap in your employment because you started your own business which did not do well. Some candidates might write — Reason for gap in employment: Started own business which failed. Do not do this type of injustice with your job hunt at this stage of writing the CV.

Current or expected salary – Leave it to be discussed while negotiating the salary.

Irrelevant details- Leave out the details like marital status, sex, passport number, number of kids, and age of kids. These are usually irrelevant for most interviewers but at times could be used as a basis for discrimination.

References- Do not include them until asked. In fact, it is not even required to mention the line ‘Reference available on request’. If the recruiter requires a reference, he/she will ask you to bring it along for the interview.


Tennis on Water

March 26, 2008

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Two of the world’s leading tennis players, Nadal and Serena Williams, took to a custom-made court to try their luck on a more challenging surface in the first ever game of tennis on water.

The event took place Monday atop Miami’s new Gansevoort South Hotel overlooking South Beach on its first day of business. The water-covered court was constructed in the 110-foot swimming pool set in the Gansevoort’s exclusive 22,000-square-foot rooftop retreat. Specialist underwater team took five days to construct two invisible platforms at either end of the pool using a combination of bespoke acrylic sheets and supporting acrylic tubes.

Sony Ericsson hosted the revolutionary event to celebrate the start of this year’s Sony Ericsson Open March 26 to April 6.